Wat Rajabophit Sathitmahasimaram Rajawaravihara | First Class Royal Temple | Presiding Buddha Image: Phra Buddha Angkhiros | Temple of King Rama V Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Chulalongkorn Phra Chunla Chom Klao Chao Yu Hua | Temple of King Rama VII Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramintharamaha Prajadhipok Phra Pok Klao Chao Yu Hua
Wat Rajabophit Sathitmahasimaram Rajawaravihara is a First Class Royal Temple. It was built during King Rama V period. Wat Rajabophit is the only First Class Royal Temple that held 2 Kings of Chakri Dynasty as theirs Royal Temple, King Rama V and King Rama VII (father and son). The temple is a residence of Somdet Phra Ariyavongsagatanana (Amborn Ambaro) 20th Supreme Patriarch of Thailand and was also a residence of Somdet Phra Sangharaja Chao Kromma Luang Jinavorn Sirivaddhana (HSH Prince Bhujong Jombunud Sirivaḍḍhano) 11th Supreme Patriarch of Thailand and Somdet Phra Ariyavongsagatanana (Vasana Vāsano) 18th Supreme Patriarch of Thailand.
It was built on 22nd of January 1869 finished in 1870. The temple has a unique layout, the Uposatha and Vihara were joined by a circular courtyard and in the center stood the Chedi. It had a mix of Thai and European style. The outside had Thai decoration style but inside the main hall and Buddha image hall had a touch of European style.
The temple was built as to follow an old Thai Royal tradition that every king should built a royal temple after the coronation. The name “Wat Rajabophit Sathitmahasimaram" means ‘temple that the king built’
Later on the Wat Rajabophit school was built for the people because of the close relationship between Thai people and temples. In the old day children used to get their education from the temple.
The Uposatha Hall
The Uposatha Hall or the main ceremonial building of the temple is of a distinguished combination of two different styles. Thai and Gothic. The outer part of the building is of Thai style. It is decorated with pieces of The Old Thai Benjarong Ceramics which is certainly a unique representation in the country. The inner part, obviously, is of Gothic style. The exterior panels of windows and doors represent insignia designs of The Royal Decorations inlaid with the mother of pearl. The interior ones are designed with a lotus - like lacquerware work.
Phra Buddha Angkhiros
Presiding Buddha Image
The Presiding Buddha Image is installed in the main ceremonial building of this temple or The Uposatha Hall. It is represented on the Italian marble pedestal. It is named "Phra Buddha Angkhiros" which literally means "the aurora bursting from the body". The Buddha Image was, in the reign of King Rama IV, cast with gold which used to be King Rama V's ornaments.
Phra Nakhon, Bangkok, Thailand.
Bus Nos. 2, 60
The Temple is Open Daily from 08.00 A.M. - 06.00 P.M.
Special Thanks to Khun Naifah Chandrabhaya, Mr.Stephen Jaggs editor.
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Pass on to all my beloved one.
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and all my guardian angles,
this merit is also for you.